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Common Injuries & Problems

Common Injuries & Problems

A high ankle sprain is a specific type of ankle sprain that occurs between the Shin bone (Tibia) and the Splint bone (Fibula). Although a normal ankle sprain usually occurring over the lateral (outside) ankle ligament is one of the most common injuries seen in sports, the high ankle sprain is a lot rarer. A […]

What are Trigger Points? Trigger points are known to be palpable ‘knots’ or ‘taut bands of tissue’ within a muscle that may develop from overuse or injury. They may be associated with being the causative factor of referred pain into specific body areas in close or distant proximity to the trigger point. Trigger point theories […]

The spine is built up of individual bones (vertebra) and cartilage (intervertebral discs). The discs act as a shock absorber, have a soft, spongy centre and are located between each vertebra. If the discs burst or slip, they may put pressure on the spinal nerve roots and this can cause pain. Sciatica is commonly the […]

Dead-legs are common in contact sports where there is sudden direct trauma to the muscle. A dead-leg is a muscle contusion whereby there is a direct disruption and inflammation of the muscle tissue. The degree of a muscle contusion can vary from mild to severe depending on the extent of the blow. Causes: Muscle contusions […]

The ‘Pes-Anserine Bursa’ lies between the upper medial aspect of the tibial bone and the insertion of three tendons close to the medial collateral ligament insertion on the inside of the leg. The three tendons that conjoin together at the point of the bursa are derived from the muscles Gracilis, Sartorius and Semitendinosus. Causes: Inflammation […]

The ‘Peroneal Muscles’ are located on the outer aspect of the lower leg and originate from the upper part of the fibula bone. The associated tendons connect the lower part of the muscle to the insertion on the lateral side of the 5th metatarsal of the foot. They primarily control outward (eversion) movements of the […]

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a painful foot condition that occurs following entrapment of the ‘Posterior Tibial Nerve’ leading to neuropathy symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is rare and involves entrapment of the deep peroneal nerve at the front of the ankle. Symptoms with the latter syndrome normally appear on the […]

Many people suffer from intermittent leg pain and cramping with activities such as walking, climbing stairs or standing for prolonged periods. There are many different causes and contributing factors that may have an effect on the onset, nature and irritability of the leg symptoms which may be attributed to many diagnostic medical, degenerative or physical […]

Wrist sprains are a common injury that may take place with accidents during various activities in everyday life.  A wrist sprain is defined as a soft tissue injury following a forceful load normally involving the ligaments of the wrist that support and stabilise the joint. There are many other soft tissues in the wrist that […]

Ankle sprains are everyday occurrences that commonly take place in sports or other leisure and recreational activities. The ankle joint is supported by medial and lateral ligaments (inner & outer respectively) and is designed to adapt to uneven terrain and awkward landings but may become injured following a sudden twist or fall. Such incidents may […]

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is a condition that affects the wrist extensor tendons on the outside of the elbow normally associated with either overuse (repetitive strain injury) or direct trauma.  Despite the name, the injury is not commonly seen in tennis players but more so associated within occupational work related environments where repetitive stress takes […]

  The foot extensor tendons are located on the top of the foot and the flexor tendons are located underneath the foot. Both sets of tendons are commonly associated with overuse from activities such as running and hill walking. Pain and inflammation are the common symptoms associated with the injuries. Causes: Sports which entail a […]

Compartment syndrome is a condition that involves increased pressure within a muscle compartment of the lower leg. Thick layers of tissue (fascia) separate groups of muscles in the legs. Within each layer of fascia is a confined space which is known as a compartment. The compartment includes the muscle tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. The […]

Sinus Tarsi Syndrome is a condition in which pain and inflammation is present on the outside of the ankle between the talus and calcaneal bone. These symptoms normally involve fluid around the tissues in the location of the tarsi. The condition normally commences following overuse training or can be associated with previous ankle sprains. Causes: […]

The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that stretches from the heel bone (calcaneus) to the bottom of the toes which contributes to the supporting arch of the foot. Causes: Plantar fasciitis commonly occurs in sports and leisure activities that involves prolonged walking or running. Such activity exerts reoccurring stress to the underside […]

Osteitis Pubis is a non-infectious inflammation of the pubis symphysis; the front lower region of the pelvis. The problem may occur as an inflammatory process in individuals when the pelvis is exposed to excessive or repetitive stress. It is normally associated as an overuse injury and usually leads to pain and potential bone degeneration around […]

Morton’s neuroma is a nerve related injury affecting the foot and it is a condition affecting one of the plantar nerves that travels between the metatarsal bones in the foot. Causes: Sports and activities that involve repetitive actions and stress involving the ball of the foot can overload the area. Such excess pressure on the […]

The knee joint comprises of two collateral ligaments either side of the knee that provide support and stability to inward and outward directed forces to the knee joint. Such ligaments are called the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), respectively. Sprains or ruptures/tears of these ligaments are common in contact sports […]

The menisci are C-shaped rings of cartilage that provide shock absorption within the knee joint. The knee joint comprises of a medial menisus and a lateral meniscus, inner and outer respectively. The menisci are situated on the superior aspect of the tibial bone and help to distribute weight evenly across the knee joint. Meniscal injuries […]

There are many nerves in the neck that emerge from the cervical spine at various levels that supply the upper body. An irritation of these nerves may cause nerve compression that is commonly known as a ‘trapped nerve’. Causes: The nerves within the neck may be irritated due to various anatomical reasons. Cervical spine degeneration […]

The Quadriceps muscle group is situated on the front aspect of the thigh and each individual muscle collectively allows movement to occur between the hip and knee joints. The powerful muscle group is comprised of four major muscles; Rectus Femoris, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Medialis and Vastus Lateralis. These muscles are used in activities such as […]

The greater trochanter is a large projection of the femur bone situated on the upper lateral aspect of the thigh. The trochanteric bursa sits between the greater trochanter and the gluteus maximus muscle. Trochanteric bursitis occurs when the bursa becomes inflamed and is often associated with overuse and repetitive actions involving the hip joint. Causes: […]

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed and irritated as it passes down the wrist via the carpal tunnel into the hand. Causes: Carpel tunnel syndrome tends to develop in sports and activities that involve frequent and repetitive movements of the wrist. Examples include tennis, squash, rowing, gardening and knitting. It can […]

Wrist and hand tendon injuries are common in many sports. Common types of injuries include De Quervain’s Syndrome which produces pain and inflammation of specific tendons on the lateral side of the wrist. The two tendons affected are the tendons of the extensor pollicis brevis and abductor pollicis longus muscles. Causes: The tendon sheath may […]

The clavicle is the bone that connects the sternum (breast bone) to the shoulder girdle. The two joints associated with the clavicle are the sternoclavicular joint and the acromioclavicular joint. A sprain or separation of one of the joints may occur with an injury and is often caused by heavy impact to the chest in […]

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